IVF embryo transfer is the final stage of the treatment of placing the embryos created inside a laboratory and finally implanting them in the woman’s uterus. To achieve the pregnancy, the clinic has to implant the embryos successfully inside the uterine wall. The readiness and condition of the uterine lining determine the embryo transfer’s success rate.
The doctors do the process with the help of an ultrasound for perfect visibility of the catheter placement. This way, there will be no risks of a catheter bruising the cervix. One of the primary benefits of frozen embryo transfer is it highly improves the chances of conceiving for the parents. Want to know more about the IVF embryo transfer process and its advantages, then read below.
Different IVF Embryo Transfer Types
The couples have the alternative of selecting between two types of embryo transfers:
Frozen Embryo Transfers (FETs) are the process of storing and freezing embryos from the past cycles of an IVF for an unknown time. Among the numerous benefits of frozen embryo transfer, one is that it allows genetic testing before implanting it inside the uterus. It results in lower risks of miscarriage or genetic defect. The doctors will offer partially medicated ailments during the treatment for comfort.
Fresh ETs (Embryo Transfer) is the process of implanting the embryos right after retrieving and fertilizing the eggs. After 3 to 5 days of the initial retrieval, the doctor will transfer the new embryos back to the uterus.
- Day 3 embryo transfer
This embryo is also known as a cleavage embryo and is not highly growing in size. Since only some embryos can survive till day 5, the doctors sometimes implant the embryo into the uterus on day 3.
- Day 5 Embryo Transfer
This stage is also known as Blastocyst, which develops into a sphere of 60 to 120 cells with a fluid-filled cavity surrounding it. It forms after day 5 and is the best option for embryo transfer as it has higher chances of implanting, being genetically normal, and more.
What is the procedure for embryo transfer?
The process of IVF embryo transfer is similar to the process of a pap smear and is shorter in duration, lasting from 15 to 30 minutes. The doctor will insert a speculum inside the vaginal cavity and with the help of ultrasound will implant the embryo in the inner lining of the uterus.
What happens after the embryo transfer?
There can be minimal bleeding which is also referred to as implantation bleeding after the embryo transfer. This is common for both IVF and natural pregnancy. It is due to the implantation of the embryo into the uterus lining and is a good sign of successful conceiving.
Benefits of Embryo Transfer in IVF
Below are some of the many benefits of frozen embryo transfer (FET)
- Higher pregnancy opportunities
IVF embryo transfer provides higher chances of pregnancy opportunities who have been trying for a child for a long time. This treatment is perfect for those couples who have various complications like blocked fallopian tubes, reduced ovarian reserve, any male fertility problem, or advanced mother age.
- Control of the pregnancy timing
With IVF embryo transfer, parents can control the timing of their pregnancy. They can freeze their eggs for future insemination, allowing the couples to select the correct time to become parents.
- Reduced miscarriage threats
Miscarriages often occur due to genetic problems and compel the body to eliminate the pregnancy. During IVF embryo transfer, the doctor will do pre-implantation genetic testing before starting the process to prevent miscarriages.
Everyone deserves a beautiful chance to enjoy parenthood and bring a new family member into this world. IVF is a complicated and personal process. However, due to the immense benefits of frozen embryo transfer and the high success rate, many couples are opting for it. Thus, if you want to opt for this treatment, consult the best fertility clinic near you.